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<< zuni | ~ no you na >>

〜ずにはいられない [〜ずにはいられない] (zunihairarenai)
    Meaning: cannot help
    Example: I can't help feeling sad
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
I can't help doing ...
I can't stop doing ...

these are both the same:
verb+ ~zu ni ha irarenai
verb+~nai de ha irarenai

(eg sezuni is a contraction of shinai)
 
(dc)
Not used for "feeling" something, where you should use 

-- doing
I can't help shopping
買い物せずにはいられない
買い物しないではいられない

-- feeling
I can't help feeling anxious
NG: 私は不安しないではいられない
OK: 私は不安でならない
 
(dc)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #1236   買い物せずにはいられない 
I can't help shopping  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #1329   愛さずにはいられない。 
I cannot stop loving you.  
 [edit]  
(bamboo4)
ex #3416   きみがまちがっていると思わずにはいられない 
I cannot help but think that you are making a mistake.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3417   しかし今は、一目見て、サメがその人にくらいつくのは避けられないようだということに気づかずにはいられない 
However, I can't help noticing, at this moment, that at first glance it seems inevitable that the shark will devour the man.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3418   その本を読むと誰でも泣かずにはいられない 
No one can read the book without crying.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3419   それを笑わずにはいられない 
I cannot help but laugh at it.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3420   君の愚かさには笑わずにはいられない 
I cannot help laughing at your folly.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3421   私は、彼の才能を称賛せずにはいられない 
I can't help admiring his talent.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3422   私はあなたを好きにならずにはいられない 
I cannot help falling in love with you.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3423   私はあなたを笑わずにはいられない 
I cannot help laughing at you.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3424   私はくしゃみをせずにはいられない、きのうかぜをひたんだ。  
I can't help sneezing, I caught a cold yesterday.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3425   私はその少女を気の毒に思わずにはいられない 
I can't help feeling sorry for the girl.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3426   私はその冗談を聞いて笑わずにはいられない 
I cannot help laughing at the joke.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3427   私は英国の田舎に愛着を感じずにはいられない 
I can't help feeling affection for the English countryside.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3428   私は自国を愛さずにはいられない 
I can't help loving my country.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3429   私は笑わずにはいられない 
I can but laugh.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3430   私は赤ちゃんを見るとほほえまずにはいられない 
I cannot help smiling at babies.  
 [edit]  
(dc)

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
[ Add a See Also ]
  Comments:  
your namewhy is this NG? This sentence is not wrong.
I can't help shopping. 買い物せずには いられない。
note : せず is a transformation of する+ず nega.
 
bamboo4買い物しないではいられない would be a normal, conversational way to say it, though. 
Mikiex3421 For me the Japanese is garbled. Looks like 私は、彼の才能を賞賛せずにはいられない。
ex3424 it should be 風邪をひいたんだ。
 
OlivierThis entry falls under JLPT Level 2 along with ないではいられない. 
bamboo4Would somebody fix #? 
guestHow does this differ from naidehairarenai? 
confusedThe summary example is "I can't help feeling sad" but then the notes say that this expression is not used for feelings. Could someone (dc?) please explain. Yoroshiku onegaishimasu. 
dannyDear "confused", to my knowledge ないではいられない is used for or after VERBS and feelings such as "sad" are ADJECTIVES so this might be a reason why. Good luck with your studies! 
karekanoI`ve changed ex #, bamboo4-san, but I`m not sure about this ”せず” construction... 称賛するは称賛せずになりますか 

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