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<< zumogana | zunihairarenai >>

ずに [ずに] (zuni)
    Meaning: without
    Example: i went without eating
    JLPT Level: 3
    Category: grammar
    Author: Meghana

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  Notes:  
Equivalent to naide and is often used in writing. 
(sw)
formation: take the negative root (ない形)and replace the final ~ない with ~ず

例)

  書く -> 書か「ない」 -> 書かず(に)
  見る ->  見「ない」 -> 見ず
  来る -> 来ず (読み方:こず)
  する -> せず  

Compared to the "naide" form, this one is used with a more negative connection to the thing you didn't do (as you would regret that you didn't do something).

例)

昨日学校へ行かず、ゲームセンターで遊んでしまった。
 
(maki)

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  Examples:  
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Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #5921   朝ごはんを食べずに学校へ来ました。 
I came to school without eating breakfast.  
 [edit]  
(Meghana)
ex #6705   勉強せずにテストを受けた。 
I took the test without having studied.  
 [edit]  
(Sion)

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  See Also:  
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  Comments:  
mathrickSeems to be more official than plain ~[なくて] form. AFAIK, it's quite often used in writing. 
ShadowstarVn-zu seems to be the same article, except with more examples and so on, and placed in the level 2 entries... 
you can also shorten 〜ずに into 〜ず.
 
Watari聞き返すことも忘れずに!
Don't forget to ask in return. (Example: "How are you?" "Fine, thanks. And you?")
This is from a Japanese English teacher's lesson.
 
K〜ずに is the shortened form of 〜ないで 
shiho-chanIsnt 〜ずに A more formal form, not a contraction? 
swI think ず is a classical form of ない that still comes up, as in 知らず. 〜ずに means 〜ないで, and is used mostly in writting, although I heard it spoken sometimes. 
bamboo4It may of interest to note that in some dialect, 行かず would mean 行こう(let's go).
 
ngonhan2k7行かず maybe 行きませんか so sw are right,ず 〜= ない 
nellyaudreyhow do you say the negative version of 食べず is it 食べずじゃない? just for the purpose of saying something like, i didn't come to school without eating. 学校に食べずじゃないで来た.or would you just neg kuru? like, 学校を食べずに来なかった. 
RBYTo nellyaudrey
You can' t do a negative of a negative form in Japanese. You'll only be mishunderstood. The Japanese are more simple minded. The negative of a negative is positive, so say it positive! 朝ご飯食べて学校に来ました。I came to school having eaten breakfast.
Anyway, if you want to say your negative-negative sentence at any cost the closer sentence you can use is a negation of the all positive sentence. 朝ご飯食べずに学校に来ましたと違います.It's not true that I came to school without eating breakfast.
 

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