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<< woyosoni | writingsys >>

(wrapup4)
    Meaning: Wrapping up section 4 and more gobi
    JLPT Level: 0
    Category: lesson
    Author: TaeKim

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Some more gobi and some review

We are coming to the end of the fourth major section of the guide. Do you feel like your Japanese has improved? We've come to the point where we've learned enough conjugations to be able to start mixing them together in various useful combinations. Of course this can be a little difficult to do without some practice, which is the reason for this lesson. But first, since we've come to the end of yet another section, let's learn some more sentence endings.

The next most often used gobi: 「な」 and 「さ」

Next to 「よ」 and 「ね」, 「さ」 and 「な」 are the next most commonly used gobi.
「さ」, which is basically a very casual form of 「よ」, is similar to the English "like" in that some people throw it in at the end of almost every single phrase. Of course, that doesn't mean it's necessarily a very sophisticated manner of speech but just like using "like" all the time, I cannot deny that it is an easy habit to fall into. In that sense, due to its over-use, it has almost lost any specific meaning. You may overhear a conversation like the following:

大学生1: あの・・・
大学生2: うん
大学生1: この間・・・
大学生2: うん
大学生1: ディズニーランド行ったんだけどなんかすっごい込んでて・・・
大学生2: うん
大学生1: 何もできなくて・・・
And it goes on like this, sometimes the other person might break in to say something related to the topic.

You can use 「な」 in place of 「ね」 when it sounds too soft and reserved for what you want to say or for the audience you are speaking to. Its rough sound generally applies to the male gender but is not necessarily restricted to only males.
洋介: 図書館行くんだよ。- You are going to the library now huh? (seeking explanation)
智子: うんなんで? - Yeah, why?

ボブ: 日本語は、たくさん勉強したけどまだ全然わからない。- I studied Japanese a lot, right? But, I still don't get it at all.
アリス: 大丈夫よ。きっとわかるようになるから。- No problem. You'll become able to understand for sure, you know?
ボブ: ならいいけど。- If so, it would be good.

The 「な」 gobi is often used with the question marker 「か」 to indicate that the speaker is considering something.
(1) 今日降るかな?- I wonder if it'll rain today.
(2) いい大学行けるかな? - I wonder if I can go to a good college.

Gender-specific emphasis gobi: 「わ」、「ぞ」、「ぜ」、「かしら」

These gobi are primarily used just to emphasize something and doesn't really have a meaning per se. However, they can make your statements sound much stronger and very gender-specific. Using 「わ」 is just like 「よ」 except it will make you sound almost sickeningly female (putting different dialects aside). Use sparingly. 「かしら」 is also a very feminine version of 「かな」, which we just went over. 「ぞ」 and 「ぜ」 are identical to 「よ」 except that it makes you sound "cool" and manly, or at least, that is the intent. These examples might not be very helpful without actually hearing what they sound like.
(1) もう時間ない。- There is no more time.
(2) おい行く!- Hey, we're going!
(3) これで、もう終わり。- With this, it's over already.
(4) いい大学入れるかしら?- I wonder if I can enter a good college.

That's a wrap!

We learned quite a lot of things in this section. Let's try to put it all together by seeing how different kinds of conjugations are used in different combinations. This is of course by no means an exhaustive list but merely an illustration of how we can use what we learned in various combinations to create a lot of useful expressions.

Example 1

アリス: 加賀先生ちょっと質問聞いていいですか?
加賀先生うんいいですよ。
アリス: 「Hello」を日本語言えばいいですか。
言えば = quoted sub-clause + if conditional of 言う
加賀先生そうね。大体、 「こんにちは言う思いますよ。 ただし書く は「こんにちわじゃなくて、 「こんにちは」と書かなくてはなりません。
「と言う思います」 = quoted sub-clause + quoted sub-clause
「じゃなくて」 = negative sequence of states

アリス: そうですか。何かいい 表現ありますか。

加賀先生これ覚えといてね。 は、「おはよう」と 言うの。でもには 「おはようございます」と言ってください。
覚えといて」 - 覚える + abbreviated form of ~ておく + casual ~てください with ください dropped.

アリス: はい分かりました間違えないようにしますいい勉強なりました

Literal translation of Example 1

Alice: Kaga-sensei, is it ok to ask you a question?
Kaga-sensei: Yes, it's ok.
Alice: If you say what for "hello" in Japanese, is it ok?
Kaga-sensei: Well, mostly, I think people say "konnichiwa". Only, when you write it, you must write "konnichiha" and not "konnichiwa".
Alice: Is that so? Are there any other good expressions?
Kaga-sensei: Please memorize this too (in preparation for the future). In the morning, everybody says, "ohayou". But, please say, "ohayou-gozaimsu" to a higher person.
Alice: Yes, I understood. I'll do in the manner of not making mistake. It became good study!

Interpretative translation of Example 1

Alice: Kaga-sensei, is it ok to ask you a question?
Kaga-sensei: Sure.
Alice: How do you say "Hello" in Japanese?
Kaga-sensei: Well, most of the time, I think people say "konnichiwa". Only, when you write it, you must write "konnichiha" and not "konnichiwa".
Alice: Is that so? Are there any other good expressions?
Kaga-sensei: You should know this too. In the morning, everybody says, "ohayou". But, please say, "ohayou-gozaimsu" to a higher person.
Alice: Ok, I got it. I'll try not to make that mistake. That was very informative!

Example 2

洋介: お!アリスだ。あのね、質問聞いていい
アリス: 
洋介: ちょっと英語教えてもらいたいんだけどさ、もし時間あれば教えてくれない
教えてもらいたい」 = receiving favor + to want (たい)

アリス: え?英語勉強するの?

洋介: うんアメリカ留学してみたいなと思ってね。去年行こうしたけど、お金なくて・・・
してみたいなと思って」 = to try something out (~てみる) + want to (たい) + な gobi + quoted subquote + te-form of 思う
行こうした」 = volitional of 行く + to attempt (とする
アリス: そうなの?いいよ。いつ教えてほしいの?
洋介: いつでもいいよ。
アリス: じゃ、来週木曜日からはどう
洋介: うんいいよ。ありがとう
アリス: 勉強怠けたり、来なかったり、しないね。
怠けた来なかったしないで」 = List of actions (~たりする) + negative request of する.

洋介: そんなことしないよ!

Literal translation of Example 2

Yousuke: Oh! It's Alice. Hey, is it ok to ask a question?
Alice: What?
Yousuke: I want to receive the favor of you teaching English and if, by any chance, you have time, will you give the favor of teaching?
Alice: Huh? You are going to study English?
Yousuke: Yeah, I was thinking that I want to try studying abroad in America. I tried to make motion toward going last year too but, without money...
Alice: Is that so? It's good. When do you want me to teach you?
Yousuke: Anytime is good.
Alice: Then what about from next week Thursday?
Yousuke: Yeah, ok. Thanks!
Alice: Don't do things like shirk on your studies or not come, ok?
Yousuke: I won't do anything like that!

Interpretative translation of Example 2

Yousuke: Oh! It's Alice. Hey, can I ask you a question?
Alice: What up?
Yousuke: I want to learn English so if you have time, can you teach me?
Alice: Huh? You're going to study English?
Yousuke: Yeah, I was thinking about studying abroad in America. I tried going last year too but I didn't have the money.
Alice: Really? No problem. When do you want me to teach you?
Yousuke: Anytime is fine.
Alice: What about from next week Thursday then?
Yousuke: OK, thanks!
Alice: You're not going to shirk on your studies or not come or anything right?
Yousuke: I won't do anything like that!

Copyright © 2003-2006 Tae Kim (kimchi314@yahoo.co.jp)
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    MikiExample 1
    アリス: 加賀先生、ちょっと質問を聞いてもいいですか?
    加賀先生: うん、いいですよ。← I feel odd if a teacher say「うん、いいですよ。」. 「はい、いいですよ。」 would be appropriate.
     

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