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<< tatsumoride | Te Form of Verbs >>

〜て [〜て] (te)
    Meaning: ([verb]-te, connects two sentences)
    Example: I'm going to the book shop to buy it.
    JLPT Level: 3
    Category: grammar
    Author: Amatuka

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
te is more of a "parallel" tense in Japanese. It reflects that the verb goes on along with the rest of the sentence or in a sequence.
te-iru is the same way, the verb is going on at the same time "you exist" hence the -ing.
 
(KotatsuSama)
The -te form has many uses; here there are just some of them:

1) It's a way to connect two sentences (a kind of equivalent expression for "and").

2) Equivalent to English "-ing".

3) -te+iru: to describe an action that is now happening or that is not already finished.
[There are similar grammatical structures with verbs like "shimau", "ageru", "yaru", "miru"... but I guess they should have their own section]

4) Replacing an adverb.

5) Motte+iku/kuru: to bring, to take, to carry something.

6) Present perfect in some cases.

When the -te form is applied to adjectives finished in -i, it has also a copulative function: joining two or more adjectives by adding -kute instead -i.

天気が悪くて、たいへん困りました。
The weather was bad, and that bothered us.

あの映画は短く面白いです。= あの映画は短くて面白いです。
That film is short and amusing.

[I must apologize for the possible mistakes this note may have. English is not my native language]
 
(fio)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #707   この赤く大きい車は田中さんのです。 [kono akaku1teookii kuruma ha tanakasan no desu. 
This large and red car is Mr Tanaka's.  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #888   本屋に行って買います。[honya ni itte kaimasu.] 
I'm going to the book shop and buying it.  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #3118   茶碗を口のところまで持ってきて、箸でごはんをかきこむのは行儀が悪い。 
Brining the bowl up to your mouth and shoveling rice in with Chopsticks is bad manners.  
 [edit]  
(KotatsuSama)
ex #6248   メロンを食べ、コーヒーを飲ました。(1)  
He ate some melon and drank some coffee.  
 [edit]  
(fio)
ex #6249   歩い来ます。(2)  
I come on foot (walking).  
 [edit]  
(fio)
ex #6250   妹は遊そんでいます。(3)  
My younger sister is playing (right now).  
 [edit]  
(fio)
ex #6251   社長はたいへん怒っいます。(3)  
The director is very angry (he became angry and is still angry).  
 [edit]  
(fio)
ex #6252   喜んで手伝います。(4)  
It'll be a pleasure to help you out.  
 [edit]  
(fio)
ex #6253   手紙をもっ行きました。(5)  
I brought the letter (lit. "having the letter, I came").  
 [edit]  
(fio)
ex #6254   田中さんは出掛けいます。(6)  
Mr. Tanaka's gone out (Mr. Tanaka is not here).  
 [edit]  
(fio)

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
    [ Add a See Also ]
      Comments:  
    AmatukaNote, many, many, other uses of . 
    AmatukaHmm, not the most natural example sentence in the world ^^v 
    AmatukaAlso -i adjectives join with -kute -くて
    The copula has the 'te' form of で.
     
    AmatukaVerbs with auxillary verbs and auxillary adjectives use the -te form. e.g. やってみてください。
    やる(in -te form, to do) みる (in -te form, to try) ください (request). All together Please try to do it.
     
    AmatukaIt is sometimes much the same as 'and'. 
    Amatuka[List of conjugations to be done] 
    AriaIt's a JLPT level 4 grammar point (both the -て and -くて forms, btw), and not a level 3 one; Only some of the -て + verb forms are part of the JLPT level 3 grammar requirements

     

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