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<< shika | shikashi >>

〜しかない [〜しかない] (shikanai)
    Meaning: no alternative, no option but to...
    Example: nothing to do but try...
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
*Be very careful as to when you replace one of these phrases with another.

V + しかない : used in a situation where one has no choice but to do something.

Vneg + ざるを得ない : used in a situation where one has no choice but to do something.

Vneg + なければならない : used in a situation where one has to do something because s/he has an obligation to do it OR where one has no choice but to do something.

Vneg + わけに(は)いかない : used in a situation where one has to do something because s/he has an obligation to do it OR where one has no choice but to do something. It also expresses the unwillingness of the speaker to do V.
 
(rubyhatchet)
V(dictionary form) + しかない
N + しかない
 
(rubyhatchet)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #366   やるしかないじゃん! 
Ya gotta do it!  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #1218   彼女と結婚するしかなかった 
I had no choice but to marry her.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #1219   卒業出来なかったからバイトをするしかない 
I didn't graduate, so I have no choice but to do temp work.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3681   2つの物の間にはごくわずかな差しかない 
There is only a marginal difference between the two.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #6133   試験を受けるからには、がんばるしかない 
Now that I'm taking the test, I've got no choice but to do my best.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #6134   漢字は、一つ一つ覚えるしかありません。とにかく覚えることです。 
You have no choice but to memorize kanji one at a time. At any rate, you had better remember them.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #6135   最終電車が出てしまった後だったので、タクシーに乗るしかなかった 
After having missed the last train, I had no choice but to take a taxi.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #6136   努力しないで成功できるわけがない。努力しかありませんよ。 
You can't succeed without great effort. There is no other choice but to exert yourself.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #6525   とりあえず我慢するしかないみたいだね。 
It looks like you have no choice but to endure it for the time being.  
 [edit]  
(マリ)
ex #6890   ここまできたら、やるしかない 
We've done this much, so there's nothing else to do but keep going.  
 [edit]  
(赤毛)
ex #6891   修理が無理だとしたら、買いなおすしかないですね。 
If repairing it is impossible, there will be nothing to do but buy a new one.  
 [edit]  
(赤毛)
ex #6892   息子は桜大学に進学することを希望している。しかし、今の息子の学力ではとても無理だから、別の大学を受験させるしかない。本人の希望とは違ってもしかたがないことだ。 
My daughter hopes to enter the Sakura University. However, her capacity is very poor, so I have no choice but to compel her take the exam of another university. Although it's not her hope, there is no way.  
 [edit]  
(赤毛)
ex #6945   美人と結婚したいですから、たくさんお金を稼ぐしかない 
Because i want to marry a beautiful woman, i have to earn much money.  
 [edit]  
(phananhvu)
ex #6974   彼が怒っているから、静かにするしかない 
Because he is now angry,I have no choice but keep silent.  
 [edit]  
(amenya)
ex #7039   ここまで来たらもうやるしかないのに、君はまだ迷っているのか。 
I have come until here, I have no choice but keep going, are you still in doubt?  
 [edit]  
(赤毛)
ex #7056   直せないから、新しいのを買うしかなかった 
It couldn't be fixed, so there was nothing to do but buy a new one.  
 [edit]  
(lilibr)
ex #8435   残念ながら、時間はほんのわずかしかない 
Unfortunatelly, we have little enough time.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
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  Comments:  
dcthe first example # might also be used as 
suru yori hokanai
 
bamboo4やるっきゃない is another folksy way of saing #. 
rubyhatchetI believe that in example #, you can simply use 「...アルバイトしかない」 without the verb. Probably both ways are acceptable. 
Miki# か is missing. 卒業できなかったから ...
I think both wasy are acceptable.
 
sagittariusis Vneg plus しかない possible
e.g. あしたまでにこの仕事をしなければいけないので、寝ないしかない
 
MikiProbably not possible. So your example sounds strange.
eg. 明日までにこの仕事をしなければならないので、寝るわけにはいかない。or 起きているしかない。
 
マリex # does not use the grammar pattern. 
赤毛I fixed ex # according to the alert of Mikiさん.
I need some help for the translation of #.
 
amenya#: there's difference between the two sentences, the Japanese and the English 
amenyaI fixed the translation of #. Is it ok? 
赤毛Amenyaさん> Thanks for your help. I think it's OK now and I changed the status of # to neutral.
For #, I picked it in http://www.japonin.com/intermediate-grammar-list.php . I think the translation is not literal but is OK. I added # intending to give a more literal translation.
マリさん> In #, the pattern seems to be N+しかない instead of V(dictionary form)+しかない.
 
karekanoI've changed # translation, is it ok? 

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