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<< particles3 | passive >>

「は、も、が」 Particle Exercises (particles_ex)
    Meaning: 「は、も、が」 Particle Exercises
    JLPT Level: 4
    Category: lesson
    Author: TaeKim

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Vocabulary used in this section

Kanji
To start with, I have listed the kanji you will need for the vocabulary for your convenience. The link will take you to a diagram of the stroke order. However, it doesn't clearly show the direction (though you can kind of tell by the animation) so you should check with a kanji dictionary if you're not sure. I recommend practicing the kanji in the context of real words (such as the ones below).
  1. - what
  2. - projection
  3. - picture
  4. - he
  5. - female
  6. - previous
  7. - day
  8. - now
  9. - bright
  10. - know
  11. - match
  12. - lead
  13. - brush
  14. - enter
  15. - mouth
  16. - exit
  17. - plan
  18. - write
  19. - building
Vocabulary
Here is the list of some simple nouns that might be used in the exercises.
  1. どこ - where
  2. いつ - when
  3. どうして - why
  4. どう - how
  5. どれ - which
  6. ミーティング - meeting
  7. ボールペン - ball-point pen
  8. 何【なに】 - what
  9. 誰【だれ】 - who
  10. 映画【えいが】 - movie
  11. 彼【かれ】 - he; boyfriend
  12. 彼女【かのじょ】 - she; girlfriend
  13. 雨【あめ】 - rain
  14. 昨日【きのう】 - yesterday
  15. 今日【きょう】 - today
  16. 明日【あした】 - tomorrow
  17. 知り合い【しりあい】 - acquaintance
  18. 鉛筆【えんぴつ】 - pencil
  19. 仕事【しごと】 - work
  20. 入口【いりぐち】 - entrance
  21. 出口【でぐち】 - exit
  22. 図書館【としょかん】 - library

Basic Particle Exercise with 「は」

Let's first get used to the basic concept of particles by making some very simple sentences with them. In this first exercise, we are going to use the topic particle to explain the current topic of conversation. Remember, the topic particle 「は」 is always pronounced as /wa/.
Sample: 誰? (Topic: アリス) = アリスは誰?
1. どこ?(Topic: 学校) 学校はどこ?(Where is school?)
2. どうして?(Topic: それ) それはどうして?(Why is that?)
3.いつ?(Topic: ミーティング) ミーティングはいつ?(When is meeting?)
4.何?(Topic: これ) これは何?(What is this?)
5.どう?(Topic: 映画) 映画はどう?(How is movie?)
6.中学生だ。(Topic: 彼) 彼は中学生だ。(He is middle school student.)
7.先生だ。(Topic: 彼女) 彼女は先生だ。(She is teacher.)
8.雨。(Topic: 今日) 今日は雨。(Today is rain.)
9.友達。(Topic: ボブ) ボブは友達。(Bob is friend.)
10. 知り合い?(Topic: 彼) 彼は知り合い?(Is he an acquaintance?)

Particle Exercise with 「は」 and 「も」

Now we are going to practice getting used to the differences between the 「は」 and 「も」 particles. The sentences are actually pretty lame but this was the only way I could think of to make obvious which particle should be used. Remember, the point is to get a sense of when and when not to use the inclusive particle instead of the topic particle.

Fill in the blank with the correct particle, either 「は」 or 「も」

Sample: これは鉛筆だ。それ鉛筆だ。
1.今日は雨だ。昨日 も 雨だった。
2.ジムは大学生だ。でも、私 は 大学生じゃない。
3.これは水。これ も そう。
4.これはボールペンだ。でも、それ は ボールペンじゃない。
5.仕事は明日。今日 は 仕事じゃなかった。
6.ここは入口。出口 も ここだ。

Particle Exercise with 「は」, 「も」, 「が」

In this last exercise, we will practice all three particles by identifying which one should be used for different types of situations. Remember that the 「が」 particle is only used when you want to identify something out of many other possibilities. While there are some cases where both 「は」 and 「が」 makes sense grammatically, because they mean different things, the correct one all depends on what you want to say.

Fill in the blank with the correct particle, either 「は」、 「も」、 or 「が」


ジム) アリス は 誰?
ボブ) 友達だ。彼女 が アリスだ
 
アリス) これ は 何?
ボブ) それ は 鉛筆。
アリス) あれ も 鉛筆?
ボブ) あれ は ペンだ。
 
アリス) 図書館 は どこ?
ボブ) ここ が 図書館だ。
アリス) そこ は 図書館じゃない?
ボブ) そこじゃない。図書館 は ここだ。

Copyright © 2003-2006 Tae Kim (kimchi314@yahoo.co.jp)
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