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<< ni-2 | niatte >>

に当たって; に当たり [にあたって; にあたり] (niatatte; niatari)
    Meaning: on the occasion of; at; in; before; prior to
    Example: On the occasion of my study abroad, my father told me about his own experience.
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
*This grammar is used to indicate time when one faces something formal. The compound particle is primarily used in written Japanese. When a verb precedes it, the verb is often a Sino-Japanese する verb, as in example #.

*The tense of the verb before に当たって;に当たり is always nonpast regardless of the tense of the final predicate. In this way, an incomplete aspect of an action is indicated by the verb. This is why the phrase can be translated into English as 'before' or 'prior to.'

*に当たり is more formal than に当たって.

FORMATION:
V(plain nonpast) + にあたって・にあたり
N + にあたって・にあたり
 
(rubyhatchet)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #433   サイトのご利用にあたって 
When using this site  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #434   科学論文を書くにあたって 
When writing a science thesis  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #530   私の留学に当たり父は自分の経験を話してくれた 
On the occasion of my study abroad, my father told me about his own experience  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4062   もし困った事があればユーザーズガイドにあたってください。  
Refer to the Users' Guide if you have any problems.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4063   我々は決定にあたって偏見に左右されない。  
We should not be influenced in our decisions by our prejudices.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4064   研究部長はその部門が新製品のテストをするにあたって、徹底的な仕事をさせた。  
The research director had the department do thorough job in testing the new product.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4065   私が部屋を掃除する番にあたっていた。  
It was my turn to clean the room.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4066   私たちが到着する日は日曜日にあたっている。  
The day when we will arrive falls on Sunday.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4067   凄い明かりが野球場にあたっていた。  
A great light was diffused over the baseball stadium.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4068   にあたってからだを暖めた。  
I warmed myself at the sun.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4069   彼が外人客の接待にあたっている。  
He is in charge of entertaining the foreign guests.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4070   彼女は火にあたってからだを暖めた。  
She warmed herself by the fire.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4071   母親が、彼の看護にあたってる。  
His mother is in attendance on him.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #6306   私は就寝 に当たって少量の洋酒を喫すること習慣にしている。 
It is my custom to drink a small amount of foreign liquor prior to going to bed.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #6307   小説家は時代小説を書くに当たり、その時代の歴史を詳しく調べた。 
Before writing an historical novel, the novelist did an in-depth survey of the history of the period he dealt with.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #7150   新年を迎えるにあたって,一年の計画を立てた. 
The whole year was planned for welcome new year.  
 [edit]  
(sureshnihon)

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
  • maeni    (is similar, as the verb cannot be past tense. but less formal.) [dc]
  • toki    (not equivalent, as toki can be used for past tense items.
     研究した時に
     研究するにあたって
    ) [dc]
  • nisaishite    (very similar. niatatte is more formal) [dc]
  • sai [dc]
[ Add a See Also ]
  Comments:  
dcthis is usually used for very serious occasions, or important events. 
dcmaeni is similar as niatatte preceding verb cannot be past tense.
 留学行く「前に・にあたって」
 
dcupdated: goro is more around the time. niatatte is more precise, but more formal. 
AmatukaTechnically the first two examples are sentence fragments.  
bamboo4The use of あたって in #, # and # do not belong here. あたる as used there is a different verb.
 

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