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<< naiyouni | nakereba narimasen >>

〜中に、〜上に、〜下に、など ([〜なかに、〜うえに、〜したに、など] )(naka, ue, shita, etc.)
    Meaning: Talking about relative location of an object ある物について立地を説明するために
    Example: My hat is in your car
    JLPT Level: 3
    Category: grammar
    Author: Xephyer

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
Location is specified with the combination of a location noun and/or relative place word (上、下、中、外、後ろ、前、横、そば)and the location marker に、and one of the two existance verbs ある or いる

ある is used when talking about inanimate objects or states of being. while いる is used for animate objects.

My dog is in your car
わたしの犬はあなたの車にいます。
My hat is in your car
わたしのぼうしはあなたの車にあります。

If you want to specify a relative location IE in something, next to something, on something. you combine the location noun with the relative location word using the posessive particle の

On the desk
つくえの上
In the bag
かばんの中
by the tv
テレビの横
behind the car
車の後ろ
infront of the computer
パャRンの前

becareful to include the location particle に at the end of the relative location statement.
で can also be used for location, but not in combination with the いる and ある verbs.

 
(tigert)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #5901    
箱の中に、なにがあるの?  
 [edit]  
(karekora)
ex #5902   スポーツ の中に、どちらが一番好き? 
out of all the sports, which do you like best?  
 [edit]  
(karekora)
ex #6634   その建物に銀行がありますか。  
Is there a bank in that building?  
 [edit]  
(tigert)
ex #6635   ドアの近いにあるかばんは誰のですか。  
whos bag is that by the door.  
 [edit]  
(tigert)
ex #6636   車が家の左に止まっておいたよ。  
I parked the car on the left side of the house.  
 [edit]  
(tigert)
ex #6637   チキンは冷凍庫の中です。  
The chicken is in the freezer.  
 [edit]  
(tigert)
ex #6638   郵便局はまっすぐに行って、右側にあります。  
The post office is straight down and on the right.  
 [edit]  
(tigert)
ex #6639   授業は2階にあります。 
the class is on the second floor.  
 [edit]  
(tigert)

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
    [ Add a See Also ]
      Comments:  
    MikiIs this a grammar entry?

    ex# J is strange. I guess you ment スポーツでは、どれが/何が 一番好き(ですか)? What sport do you like best?
     
    CleberI think the example ex# is right. I read already a sentence like this:
    kudamono no nakani, dochiraga ichibansukidesuka.
     
    dbartlett95According to my Japanese friend they never use "の中に" when you are picking items out of a list (like picking your favorite). They say, "スポーツの中で、どちらが一番好き? I think that "の中に" translates more to "within" and "の中で”is "in or out of". So the sentence 箱の中に、なにがあるの? is correct because it can be translated as "What is there within the box?"




     
    bslohAs what i get from the book it should be "スポーツの中で、どちらが一番好きですか" . As what Cleber's example, it should be "果物の中で、どちらが一番好きですか" in English "Among the fruits what(which one) is your favourite". Please correct me if i am wrong どうぞ宜しくお願いします. 
    bslohの中に is to indicate object location, for example スパートの中に本屋があります。(Bookshop is in the supermarket.)

    の中で is exlpain as "among the category", for example 果物の中で、どちらが一番すきですか。(Among the fruits,what is your favourite?)
     
    bamboo4ex # の中に should be changed to 中で(なかで). Also "out of" should be "among". 
    tigertI hope you don`t mind but I added some grammar to your grammar note. As for に and で they are used in much the same way, but they are not interchangable. に is used for static states of being, while で is used for dynamic states or action. if your verb is いる、ある use に if its anything else で would be a good bet. 

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