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<< kotokara | kotonashini >>

事無く [ことなく] (kotonaku)
    Meaning: without
    Example: without resting, he worked all night
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
V(plain form) + ことなく

You can only use this grammar with the plain form of a verb. No nouns, adjectives, etc...
 
(rubyhatchet)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
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ex #252   ライセンスを失うことなく保護されたファイルを別のコンピュータに移動するには 
Concerning the transfer of saved files to a different computer without the loss of license (information).  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #4662   ためらうことなく、その陰謀に対する徹底した対抗処置をとった。 
Made no bones about talking drastic action against it.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4663   雨は途切れることなく一日中降り続いた。 
It was raining all day long without intermission.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4664   学部長は、ためらうことなく永遠の英知を選んだ。 
Without hesitating, the dean selects infinite wisdom.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4665   警察が墜落事故の原因を昼夜休むことなく調査している。 
The police are investigating the cause of the crash around the clock.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4666   私は気づかれることなく彼の後ろを通り過ぎた。 
I passed behind him without being noticed.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4667   彼女は止めることもなく何時間も泣き続けた。 
She cried for hours without ceasing.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #6113   人は休んでも、工場の機械は365日休むことなく働いている。 
Even when people rest, factory machines work 365 days a year without resting.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #6114   犯人は、だれにも気づかれることなく、その場所を離れた。 
The criminal left that place without anyone noticing.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #6835   贅沢などすることなく、貯金をしています。 
I am saving money and doing without extravagance.  
 [edit]  
(赤毛)
ex #6836   山川さんは二十年間休むことなく会社に通った。 
Mrs Yamakawa attended her work during 20 years without taking any holiday.  
 [edit]  
(赤毛)
ex #6852   彼女は思うことなくコーヒーショップを出て行きました。でも、払って忘れてしまいました。 
She left the coffee shop without thinking. However, she had forgotten to pay.  
 [edit]  
(anna.kendall)
ex #6908   私は理由がある事無く、彼女が大好きです。 
Without any reasons, I love her so much.  
 [edit]  
(phananhvu)
ex #7176   ロポットは24 時間休むことなく働いている。 
The robot has been working without taking rest.  
 [edit]  
(sureshnihon)
ex #7177   あの子はあきることなく、COMPUTER GAMEに熱中している。 
she has been playing computer game for a long time,but she never get tired.  
 [edit]  
(sureshnihon)
ex #8577   完全な糧食を持っていく事無く、登山します。  
Went without bringing adequate food and water supplies, he climbing a mountain.  
 [edit]  
(belajar)

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  Comments:  
halxshould be the same as -ないで 
Mikiyes, it's similar.
気づかれる_ことなく→気づかれないで
休む_ことなく→休まないで
 

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