Read the Kanji on this page with POPjisyo.com      






  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
 


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License

 
<< kiri1 | kiru >>

きり  [きり ] (kiri2)
    Meaning: just, for good, once and for all (keeps on same state)
    Example: he went to america for good.
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
This grammar is typically used to express that once something has happened, the subsequent situation remains unchanging. 
(rubyhatchet)
This form of kiri is only used with a verb in the past/passive tense. 
(IMABI)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #312   寝たきり老人 
A bedridden (LIT: forever in bed) old man.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #313   手紙を貰ったきり、連絡がない。 
I got a letter, but ... nothing after that.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #608   彼はアメリカに行ったきりだ。 
he went to america (and didn't come back).  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #845   息子は友達に家に行ったきり帰ってこない。 
My son went to his friends house and didnt come back.  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #4632   店はたたまれ、それっきりだった。 
The store closed down for good.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4635   彼は38歳なのに、両親に頼りきりです。 
Though 38, he is still dependent on his parents.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4636   彼は3年前に家を出たきり、全然消息がない。 
He went away from home three years ago, and has never been heard of since.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4637   彼は自分の子供達の教育の問題を妻に任せきりだった。 
He always left the problem of this children's education to his wife.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4638   彼は病気でずっと床についたきりだ。 
He has been confined to his bed with illness.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #6075   「物を人から借りたきり返さないのは、どろぼうと同じですよ」と母に言われてしまった。 
My mother told me, "Borrowing something and not returning it is the same as stealing."  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #6076   S大学の登山パーティーは、3日前から北アルプスの立山に登ったきり、下りてこない。救助隊がパーティーの行方を探している。 
S. University's mountain-climbing party ascended the Northern Alps' Tateyama three days ago and haven't come back down. A rescue team is searching for their whereabouts.  
 [edit]  
(rubyhatchet)
ex #8232   あれきり私たちは彼女に会っていない。 
We haven`t seen her since then.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
[ Add a See Also ]
  Comments:  
bamboo4きり is a particle derived from 切る(cut) that indicates that something happened but it did not thereafter follow the normal course of events and terminated. I am not sure that there is an English equivalent for this concept, but "that was it" comes close but not quite. Of course this type of expression cannot be used to describe 寝たきり老人. I probably have to say that the true sentiment behind this word is untranslatable into English.  
AmatukaYou don't need the () for 'My son went to his friends house (and didnt come back)' because it is separately pointed out that he didn't come back in '帰ってこない。'

Unless 帰ってこない should be in ()'s.
 
AmatukaNo comment on my last comment? 
Miki() is absolutely for me(日本人).
He went to America is just the event in past when I translated the E-sentenc to Japanese and can't express the 「きり」without ().
 
Amatuka他の「()」がある例文と違って、「息子は友達に家に 行ったきり 帰ってこない。」 には「帰ってこない」があります。そこで、「帰ってこない」はその「きり」と同じ意味がありませんか。だといえば、英語の文に()は不必要を思います。
(下手な日本語が分りますか。)^^v
 
MikiThe first exmpla can end 息子は友達の家に行ったきり。帰ってこない may be to emphasize the situation.
Your Japanese is good!
 
Miki「きり」here roughly means ずっと…している。…のままである。 
dcin english dictionaries the part in brackets is what is implied, but not expressly written in the sentence as in ex608 but not ex845  
satoriWhat's the difference between past-tense ~ta+kiri and masu-form+kiri? 行ったきり etc. vs. 頼りきり, 任せきり... 

Add Comment

Due to some problems with spam comments, we have had to make the Add Comment feature available to members only. Please login or register.


Add Entry to Your Study List
Choose the priority of studying you want to assign to this item from the drop-down select list and then hit the save button. This will be used for sorting your personal study list. If you wish to delete an entry that's already in your list, just set the difficulty to '0'