かけだ・かけの・かける [かけだ・かけの・かける] (kakeda; kakeno; kakeru)
Meaning: in the middle of; not yet finished V-ing
Example: I fell asleep while in the middle of reading the magazine.
JLPT Level: 2
Author: Jonathan Salatan
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| Notes: |
|Verb ryk (VB masu) kakeru|
- used with Transitive/Intransitive verbs
- an action/ a state is about to take place- you start doing something but you don't finish that action, so it remains half done
= BEGIN TO~; BE ABOUT TO~; ALMOST (DO)~
When I was about to eat[/just started to eat] my meal, the earthquake occured. (so I didn't finish the action)
I was told that my father almost drowned in the sea when he was young.
It started to rain, but it became fine again.
The door begun to open, but it closed again
|ます形 ＋ かける|
This form takes the meaning of "just as", "just before", or "on the verge of" "about to." It uses verbs that finish or change in an instant (一瞬で終わる/変わること), i.e. 消える、死ぬ、切れる etc.
2. 〜かける/〜かけて: 直前
This form implies the idea that the action had barely begun and then stopped.
今日こそ彼に一言いってやろうと思ったが、言いかけてやめた。In other words, "he" never got the complaint. The speaker probably stopped at, "umm... nevermind."
宿題の文作を書きかけたが、なかなか先にすすまないので結局途中でやめてしまった。This person probably got as far as writing their name before quitting.
3. 〜かけの/〜かけだ: 途中
This form means in the middle of an incomplete action. It takes verbs that take time/occur over time (動作が続く動詞), i.e. 食べる、飲む、etc.
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| Comments: |
|dc||Jonathan: kaketa is an identical entry, so i will probably move this example over...|| |
|angelitosh2004||〜かける indicated that one has begun an action and is currently involved with it. In almost all cases 〜かけるmay be used in place of 〜かかる, although it expresses a slightly more advanced state (see examples above).|| |
|javierchomer||In the example sentence that it has been written by (deeana)|
雨が降りかけたが、また天気になった。It should be
I think that it would be better to get these sentence check by Japanese.
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