Read the Kanji on this page with      

  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed
  XML RSS feed

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License

<< kai. | kakaru 2 >>

掛かる [かかる] (kakaru)
    Example: 死にかかった= almost died
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: deeana

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]
→ an event is about to take place
→ the VB is usually intransitive and has to be a Non-volitional, punctual VB
→ can be replaced by KAKERU without a substantial change of meaning
    死にかかった=faced death
    死に掛けた=was half dead

(Punctual VBs:
:a Punctual VB with the auxiliary VB いる expresses a repeated action or a state after an action was taken or something took place:
知る(=>知っている)(get to know after studying)
 死ぬ(=>死んでいる)(die after living)
 忘れる(=>忘れている)(as a result of the passage of time)
 飛ぶ、乗る、起きる、結婚する、困る,... )
(Non-volitional VBs:
:a Non-volitional VB usually does not take the voltional form, the imperative form and the potential form.
-Non-volitional VBs are classified into emotive VBs and non-emotive VBs
a) emotive VBs: 喜ぶ、悲しむ、好む、怒る、嫌う、苦しむ、…
b).non-emotive VBs: 出来る、要る、知る、見える、聞こえる、似合う、違う、疲れる、分かる)

[ Add Note(s) ]
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on

ex #6897   ドアが開きかかったが、また閉まってしまった。 
The door begun to open but it closed again.  
ex #6898   僕は車の事故で死に掛かった。  
I almost died in a car accident.  
ex #6899   森の上に月が出かかっていた。  
The moon was about to come out over the forest.  
ex #6900   月曜日に始めた仕事も金曜日には出来かかっていた。 
The work I started on Monday was almost finished on Friday.  
ex #8249   旅はおよそ5時間くらい掛かるでしょう。 
The trip will take some five hours.  

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
    [ Add a See Also ]
    luiszmThe explanation with the VBryk, VBs and non volitional VBs are not very clear to understand.
    I don't understand why 知っている means [get to know after studying].

    Add Comment

    Due to some problems with spam comments, we have had to make the Add Comment feature available to members only. Please login or register.

    Add Entry to Your Study List
    Choose the priority of studying you want to assign to this item from the drop-down select list and then hit the save button. This will be used for sorting your personal study list. If you wish to delete an entry that's already in your list, just set the difficulty to '0'


    jgram 2018