desu [desu] (is, am, are (polite, NA-adjective))
Meaning: is, am, are
Example: (NA-adjective) + (stem) + desu
JLPT Level: 0
Author: Reuben Pitman
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| Notes: |
|desu comes at the end of the sentence|| |
|If conversing with friends, family, etc, desu is not necessary.|
desu is only necessary when talking to adults, teachers, etc...
|Desu is placed at the end of the sentence after:|
2) Adjectives (I-adj remain the same whereas there is no 'na' after na-adj)
Note: It is not usually placed after verbs as they are usually in the 'masu' form unless there is a change to the verb. E.g. the '-tai' (want to...) form; the verb is put into polite negative past form - '-masendeshita'.
When translated to english, it can mean, 'is' or 'am' etc.
To change to past tense, 'desu' becomes 'deshita'.
Note: Adjectives do not have 'deshita' to imply past tense. You would change the adjectives themselves into past tense and then add 'desu'.
I am a Japanese person. (noun)
It is a melon. (noun)
It was a melon. (past, noun)
I'm Talon. (noun)
It's cute. (I-adj)
It's famous. (Na-adj)
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| Comments: |
|dc||reuben - can you add some examples here?|| |
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