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<< is, am, are | itadakimasu >>

desu [desu] (is, am, are (polite, NA-adjective))
    Meaning: is, am, are
    Example: (NA-adjective) + (stem) + desu
    JLPT Level: 4
    Category: grammar
    Author: Reuben Pitman

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  Notes:  
desu comes at the end of the sentence 
(pingpongpaddle)
If conversing with friends, family, etc, desu is not necessary.
これは私のペン。
desu is only necessary when talking to adults, teachers, etc...
 
(pingpongpaddle)
Desu is placed at the end of the sentence after:
1) Nouns
2) Adjectives (I-adj remain the same whereas there is no 'na' after na-adj)

Note: It is not usually placed after verbs as they are usually in the 'masu' form unless there is a change to the verb. E.g. the '-tai' (want to...) form; the verb is put into polite negative past form - '-masendeshita'.

When translated to english, it can mean, 'is' or 'am' etc.

To change to past tense, 'desu' becomes 'deshita'.

Note: Adjectives do not have 'deshita' to imply past tense. You would change the adjectives themselves into past tense and then add 'desu'.

Examples
I am a Japanese person. (noun)
日本人です。

It is a melon. (noun)
メロンです。

It was a melon. (past, noun)
メロンでした。

I'm Talon. (noun)
私はタロンです。

It's cute. (I-adj)
かわいいです。

It's famous. (Na-adj)
有名です。
 
(talon_tearine)

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  Examples:  
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  Comments:  
dcreuben - can you add some examples here? 

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