いかん (如何) ([いかん] )(ikan)
Meaning: based on 「いか(如何)に」の略。どのようであろうか。
Example: based on the exam results
JLPT Level: 1
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| Notes: |
|〜いかん is the same as によって|
|Look at this subtle difference:|
based on the result, the next level will be decided
based on the result, you will go to the next level
in (1) a clear result comes out, so the で particle is used.
in (2) a process will start, so では is used to link the two parts.
|Negative case "without regard to"|
|As far as I know, いかんで means that one thing depends on another. i.e. We'll decide what to do depending on the results. |
いかんでは means that something has already happened, so the speaker is using those results to predict/suggest something else . i.e. Looking at these results we should do this.
|〜いかんだ : Based on how/whether 〜|
名詞 ＋ いかんだ
Depending on the results, it is possible to enter university.
Depending on the results, it is possible(there are times where one) not being able to enter university.
|Ref # Kanzen Master Level 1 - p40 - no.34|| |
|Ref # A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar p128|| |
|いかん is a classic form of the adverb どのように "in what way"|
It's written / formal Japanese
|いかん is an abbreviation of いかに, which is 如何 + the particle に. 如何 is a classical word meaning どのよう・どういうふう. I think this should make remembering this word and its meaning easier.|| |
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| Comments: |
|bamboo4||My comments re によって is equally applicable to Examples 1 and 2.|| |
|bamboo4||占いの相談 is a strange Japanese. Normally, 占いの結果.|
|bamboo4||RE 天気 いかんでは, whether you say 来ます or 行きます, that is an uncommon expression. One would say 次第では instead of いかんでは.|
|Stickler||＃1307 There is no such word as irregardless. Don't let the Japanese double-beg fool you, the correct Eigo is Regardless, regardless of the situation...|| |
|Stickler||PS, make that double-neg. I can't type|| |
changes made, example upped to "checked"... feel free to edit the examples yourself too...
|Miki||In notes dc62, I think.... |
結果いかんでは is by emphasizing with では, implies more another side than just 結果いかんで that you will not have a chance to go to the next level depending on the result. You next action is decided after the result of something is clear and see the situation you are in.
結果いかんで implies neutral. What to do is automatically followed by the result.
|bamboo4||The difference between 結果如何で and 結果いかんでは disappears when you say 結果如何で駄目になることがある and 結果如何では駄目になることがある.|
|Miki||ex#3353 this いかん is derivative of いかぬ, means 〜（しては）ならない|
ex#3355 いかん comes from the combination of 厳し「い」and か「かん」ばつ 旱魃 drought.
|dc||well spotted. i deleted those two examples...|| |
|LR||I think it would be better to separate the entries for いかん ／ いかんによる (dependent on)|
and いかんによらず ／ いかんにかかわらず ／ いかんに問わず (regardless of)
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