ひとり〜だけでなく, ひとり〜のみならず ([ひとり〜だけでなく, ひとり〜のみならず] )(hitori-dakedenaku,hitori-nominarazu)
Meaning: not only (A) but also (B) Not only a singular ((problem)) but a wider ((problem))
Example: The trend in declining birth rates is not just Japan, but is similarly seen in other countries too.
JLPT Level: 1
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| Notes: |
|Ref # Kanzen Master Level 1 - p45 - no.45|| |
|Formal, written|| |
|Not only a singular (problem) but a wider (problem)|
Makes the problem seem more abstract? (It's not just a problem with Lee, this is a problem suffered by all exchange students)
|ひとりdoesn't necesarily mean one person - it means a singular out of a whole (e.g. ひとり日本, ひとり上海 out of the rest of the world)|| |
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| Examples: |
|Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...|
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| Comments: |
|blabby||A good translation could be "Not simply", "Not just" or "Not merely". What do you all think?|
This grammar is equal to ひとり〜のみならず.
|purple gloomy||does 不登校's school refusal mean skipping school? aka playing hookey?|| |
|Miki||Yes, in one way. 不登校 also means someone refuses to go to shool due to psychological reason. || |
|Reality Bytes||It seems like "not the only". Maybe "not just" is best? Can it be used in the context of "not the only factor/reason"? || |
|thekaje||"Bullying and school refusal becam not only in the field of education but also major social problem." -- This is not a good translation.|
I suggest the following:
"Things like bullying and truancy are not only problems of the field of education; they have become major social problems."
|tigert||I think truancy is a better translation for 不登校. skipping school has its own word サボする｡ IE To sabatoge yourself, by skipping class. || |
|samboki||A little off the grammar topic, delving into questions of vocab..... but while truancy and skipping are good suggestions, they don't quite cover it. As the example suggests this is a 'special phenomenon' in Japan that is considered to be becoming a real social problem (aren't they special?). It refers to a situation where a student refuses to attend school at all - As in, they lock themselves in their room and never go out. It is not a singular event, but an ongoing and open-ended one. Dropping out/drop outs would probably be the most appropriate translation.|| |
|mochabean||I've edited the translation and gone for 'non-attendance'. This term seems to be used a lot, at least here in the UK, when describing the problems of children who are 'serial truants' and essentially refusing to go at all, rather than simply skipping school for a day here and there (it's in the news a lot since it became law that the parents can be prosecuted and even sent to prison for failing to ensure their child attends school). 'Drop-out' to me suggests someone who is no longer enroled at the school as a result of non-attendance, which is perhaps a little different (?)|
If anyone disagrees, feel free to edit!
|seanohagan||This might also work as a translation:|
not 〜 alone = ひとり〜だけでなく
not (a problem in England) alone
not (an issue in the field of education) alone
not (in Taiwan and Germany) alone
|涼宮||this grammar is not the same than に限らず?|
for instance in the example ex # Can I say
|LR||This is a JLPT Level 1 grammar structure, moving it to appropriate level 2010/12/3|| |
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