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<< hatomokaku | he >>

筈 [はず] (hazu)
    Meaning: believe that it is so; expect that it is so; it is supposed to be so
    Example: I expected him to come, but ...
    JLPT Level: 3
    Category: grammar
    Author: Amatuka

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
Conjugation:

(plain form) + はず

イー形容詞: 高いはず  → 高かったはずです。
なー形容詞: 静かなはず → 静かだったはずです。
   名詞: 学生の   → 学生だったはずです
   動詞: 話す    → 話したはずです
 
(dc)
This is copied from http://www.guidetojapanese.org/should.html of Tae Kim.
Using はず to describe an expectation
はず is used to express something that was or is supposed to be. You can treat はず just like a regular noun as it is usually attached to the adjective or verb that is supposed to be or supposed to happen.

The only thing to be careful about here is expressing an expectation of something not happening. To do this, you must use the negative existence verb ない to say that such an expectation does not exist. This might be in the form of 〜はずがない or 〜はずはない depending on which particle you want to use. The negative conjugation はずじゃない is really only used when you want to confirm in a positive sense such as 〜はずじゃないか?.
 
(赤毛)
"S hazu" expresses the speakers expectation, not in the sense of hoping or looking forward to something, but in the sense that the proposition expressed by S should be true or come true. Thus, when the speaker uses <b>hazu</b>, he is not merely guessing, but stating a proposition based on reliable information or knowledge.  
(lenzras)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #442   彼は8時に来るはずだったが、10時になるまで姿を現さなかった。 
He was supposed to be there at 8 o'clock and he didn't show up till ten.  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #583   易しいはずだったのに、試験は予想外に難しかった。 
It was supposed to be easy, but the test proved to be unexpectedly difficult.  
 [edit]  
(bamboo4)
ex #3189   そんなはない 
That cannot be.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3263   来るはずはない 
It's not likely he will come  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3298   来るはずだっだ  
he was supposed to be here  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3299   来たはず 
it is certain that he was here  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3300   来るはずです 
it is certain he will come  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5361   どうして私が彼の居場所を知っていようか。知るはずがない。  
How should I know where he is?  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5362   どんなに長い日でも終わりがあるはずだ。  
The longest day must have an end.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5363   急須にもうお茶が残っているはずがない。 
There cannot be some more tea in the pot.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5364   もし、あなたが税金を払う身であれば、そんなことは言わないはずですよ。  
If you were footing the bill, you wouldn't say that.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5365   もし車が無いのなら、彼は事務所にいるはずがない。  
If the car is gone, he can't be at the office.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5366   アンがピアノをひているはずがない。  
Ann cannot be playing the piano.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5367   カールが優等生だったはずがない。  
Carl cannot have been a model student.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5368   ジェーンがそんなことを言ったはずはない。  
Jane cannot have said such a thing.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5369   ジョンのような正直者が嘘を言ったはずが無い。  
Such an honest man as John cannot have told a lie.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5370   ジョンは今にもここへ来るはずだ。  
John should be here any minute now.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5371   ジョンは今ロンドンに住んでいるはずがない。  
John can not be living in London now.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5372   バスはすぐ来るはずです。  
The bus should be coming soon.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5373   ロケットは今ごろには当然月に着いているはずだ。  
The rocket ought to have reached the moon by now.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5374   田中さんが、病気の子どもだけを家にのこして出かけるはずがない。 
Mrs Tanaka is not supposed to leave the ill child alone at home.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #8053   あの本は高かったはずだ。 
I expect that book to be expensive.  
 [edit]  
(lenzras)
ex #8054   山口さんに出したはずの手紙が床に落ちていた。 
I found the letter I though I had sent to Mr. Yamaguchi on the floor.  
 [edit]  
(lenzras)

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  Comments:  
Amatukaはず is used in a number of ways, XXはずがない literally "There's no expection of XX"
used for "There's no way XX" "There's no chance of XX"
 
bamboo4はず means the slip provided at the end of an arrow to provide a fit with the bow string, which turned into the meaning of "naturally, of course, logically correct, etc." そんな筈はない therefore means that "there is no such fitting" i.e., it cannot be or logically not possible. 
Bharat[CONJUCTION:HAZU CONJUCT WITH PLAIN FORM]
イー形容詞 → 高いはず/高かったはずです。
なー形容詞→静かなはず/静かだったはすです。
名詞→学生の/学生だったはずです
動詞→話す/話したはずです。
 
dcBharat > thanks for the format, I added as a Note since it is a good example of conjugation. 
Anonymous来るはずだっだ or 来たはずだ? The examples use the former format while the notes illustrate the latter - are both correct? If so, is one more natural or is there a rule involved with choosing which to use?  
bamboo4来るはずだっだ means he was supposed to be here, while 来たはずだ means it is certain that he was here. 
dcso はず can have the meaning of "certain" rather than "probable" when it is used about a past event? I added the last three examples to hilite this... 
Mikibamboo4 I think 来たはずだ means that I believe he should have been here. If that is the fact that he was here, we would clearly say 彼はここに来ました。What do you think?
dc # 文字化けしています。maybe 可能性はずっと低くなる ?? Also, I think 英語を話せなければ would be more natural.
 
mankindumm, 文字化け yes or no, # is は(wa) and ずっと, not はず and っと. It should be deleted. 
bamboo4I agree with mankind.
 
赤毛I changed ex # to fit the grammar entry according to the last 3 notes. I modified ex # choosing 急須(きゅうす)as Mikiさん said below. 
Mikiex # ぽっと shold be ポット. If the tea is Japanese tea, it should be 急須(きゅうす). 
jonbaumIs this correct? This house must be Mr Tanaka's
この家は田中さんのはずです。
 

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