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<< hanmen | hasateoki >>

〜は愚か・〜は疎か ([〜はおろか] )(haoroka)
    Meaning: let alone B; not to mention; of course A but also B; は 言うまでもない; はもちろん; 「AはおろかBも/さえ/まで」のように強調して表現されることが多い。
    Example: He can't read hiragana let alone kanji.
    JLPT Level: 1
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
〜はおろか:〜というだけでは不十分で...も、
       〜はもちろん
 
()
Ref # Kanzen Master Level 1 - p45 - no.44 
(LR)
Ref # A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar p694 
(LR)
A phrase that is used when s.t. is not only true with one thing or person, but also with another thing or person that is less expected or understandable 
(LR)

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  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #4249   その赤ちゃんは走る事はおろか、歩くことさえできない。  
The baby cannot even walk, much less run.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4250   私の連れは疲れすぎていて走るのはおろか、歩くこともできない、と言った。  
My companion said that she was too tired to walk, let alone run.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4251   私はバイオリンはおろかギターも弾けない。  
I can't play the guitar, much less the violin.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4252   僕はイタリア語を書くのはおろか読めもしない。  
I can't even read Italian, let alone write it. [M]  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4253   話すことはおろか、ささやくなんてとんでもないことです。  
Don't whisper, let alone speak.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #4254   彼女は漢字はおろか、ひらがなも正確に読めません 
Of course she can't read Kanji, she can't even read Hiragana accurately.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #5311   こんな成績では進学はおろか、卒業だって危ないよ。 
With such bad results, not only is there a possibility you won't be able to enter university, you might not even graduate!  
 [edit]  
(blabby)
ex #7938   弟は内気で、人前でスピーチはおろか簡単な挨拶さえできない  
my brothers an introvert, so far from being able to give a speech in front of people, he can't even do simple greetings.  
 [edit]  
(LR)
ex #7939   アメリカでは隣町まで100マイル、途中途中ガソリンスタンドはおろか、民家さえないという場所がたくさんある。 
In America there are many places where the next town is 100 miles away and there are no houses, let alone a gas station in between.  
 [edit]  
(LR)
ex #7940   最近は大学はおろか、中学生でもかなりの者が海外旅行を経験している。  
Never mind university students, these days even junior and senior high school students have experienced traveling abroad.  
 [edit]  
(LR)
ex #7941   戦争はおろか食糧難すら経験したことがない者が口先だけで戦争を議論しているのは笑止だ。  
It is laughable that those people who have never even experienced a food shortage, much less a war should make such glib arguments about war.  
 [edit]  
(LR)

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  Comments:  
infinite_trialis it different from はもちろん? 
dci think its pretty similar but  is more common.  seems more formal...
I added some other "see also" forms
 
infinite_trialupon observation i see that はもちろん has positive and negative nuance, は言うまでもなく is positive and はおろか is negative. i hope i am right. 
blabbyI think you are right. My book says はおろか is often used for negative things.

I wonder if this is related to 愚か "stupid"?
 
Mikiおろか here is 疎か. 
〜はおろか is more strong/ have a strong emphasis or feeling than 〜はもちろん and 〜はもとより. In Chinese (何只是〜/那只是〜/別説〜、就連...), it is translated as " it is of course not just that 〜, but also... " or "... , not to mention 〜" 
OlivierIt is in fact a JLPT Level 1 entry.  
seishunI think it maybe like 'dokoroka'. And it returns a negative thing. 
LRChanging this from a JLPT Level 2 to Level 1 entry. 2010/12/3 

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