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<< enduring | essential >>

得る [える] (eru)
    Meaning: to get, to win, to be possible
    Example: I won it in a raffle.
    JLPT Level: 2
    Category: grammar
    Author: Amatuka

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]

  Notes:  
Strictly speaking, the conjugations of 得る are:
- negative: えない
- masu form: えます
- te form: えて
- terminal form (i.e. at the end of sentences, or when attaching to べき): える/うる
- attributive form (i.e. akin to such things as すきな for すき; used when attaching to nouns): うる
- conditional form: うれば

It is the only 二段 (nidan) verb from old Japanese that hasn't fully become an 一段 (ichidan) verb in modern Japanese. (える/うる in old Japanese was う, so it has changed a little already.)

In summary, although うる is a more archaic way of saying える, the only time you can choose between える/うる is when it comes at the end of the sentence, or when attaching to べき (in which case, however, うる is also preferable due to the also archaic nature of べき). This means one should say for example うるために, うるように, うること, うるところ and so on. Additionally, ありうる is never ありえる.

However, in practice, the "wrong" forms are still somewhat often used.
 
(kittymercury)

[ Add Note(s) ]
  Examples:  
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on Rikai.com

ex #498   ここでは、より良い笑顔をえるための方法を紹介しています。 
Here we introduce ways of getting a better smile.  
 [edit]  
(Amatuka)
ex #4454   あなたが教えてくれたことから大いに得るところがあった。 
I received great benefit from your teaching.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4455   あの青年は大金を得るため一生懸命働くのをいとわなかった。 
The young man was extremely money hungry.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4456   お客様の信頼と尊敬を得ることが当社の目標です。 
Earning our customers confidence and respect is this firm's objective.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4457   この建物に入るには当局の許可を得る必要がある。 
It is necessary to obtain the sanction of the authorities to enter this building.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4460   その男は権力を得るために多額の金を使った。 
The man used much money to gain power.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4461   その本からたくさんの貴重な情報を得ることができる。 
We can get a lot of valuable information from the book.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4462   もしアメリカで勉強するなら学生ビザを得る必要がある。 
If you study in the United States, you need to get a Student visa status.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #4465   今の職を得るために彼女は父親のコネを利用した。 
In getting her present job, she made capital of her father's connections.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #8151   事故の後、彼は公式試合に出場する機会を得ることは二度となかった。 
After his accident, he never got another chance to play in a real game.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)
ex #8152   彼女に話して得るところがあった。 
There was something (a lot, nothing) to be gained by talking to her.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)
ex #8153   かれは自分の車を売って15万円を得た。 
The sale of his car gained him 150.00 yen.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)
ex #8154   知識を得る一番よい方法の一つは経歴の異なる人たちと話すことです。 
One of the best ways to gain (acquire) knowledge is to talk with people of different backgrounds.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)
ex #8155   ジョージは真っ正直なので顧客の信頼を得た。 
George won great customer confidence because he was thoroughly honest.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)
ex #8156   彼は医者としての評判を得ている。  
He is earning a reputation as a good doctor.  
 [edit]  
(karekano)
ex #8553   あのずるい人のようには会社に裏切る。  
cunning man like that getting betray to the company.  
 [edit]  
(belajar)
ex #8717    
 
 [edit]  
(Bayur)

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
  • uru    (Don't get 得る うる confused with 得る える) [Amatuka]
[ Add a See Also ]
  Comments:  
AmatukaRather easy to get confused with uru 得る - often used in the same way (see ariuru vs. arieru) 
AmatukaMake that 'sometimes' ;-) 

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