〜べく [〜べく] (beku)
Meaning: For the purpose of; To ____, In order to
Example: I studied hard in order to become an engineer.
JLPT Level: 1
[ Edit This Grammar Entry ]
| Notes: |
|‘Beku’ is the same as ‘~ngatame’ but they differ grammatically. ‘Beku’ comes after the dictionary form of a verb, whereas ‘~ngatame’ follows the ‘~tai’ form of a verb. Written.|
|(Goal/End result) + beku + (Current Action)|| |
|Ref # Kanzen Master Level 1 - p21 - no.22|| |
|Ref # A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar p67|| |
[ Add Note(s) ]
| Examples: |
|Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...|
Alternatively, view this page on
Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
| See Also: |
[ Add a See Also ]
| Comments: |
|Miki||Shall I delete ex# 3915 and ex#? Their べく are different from the entry.|| |
|anon||yes, they should go under |
in edit example, change the last field "category" and that will move them over...
|infinite_trial||how does this differ from ために？|| |
|blabby||I've read that they are more or less inerchangable but ために is used more for something you want to do - personal will (個人の意思)|
However べく is used more for some assumed responsibility (当然の義務). Can anyone help us out and explain this better?
べく is also mainly used in written Japanese.
|bamboo4||べく is 連用形 of べし. It could oerate as an imperative or as firm presumption, indication of probability or expression of a plan.|
Imperative = 全員参加すべく
Presumption = 後日登城の御裁可あるべく候(archaic)
Indication = 期待にこたえるべく努力する
Plan = 犯人を逮捕すべく
This expression is basically archaic, but it is still used in conversation in such set phrases as 成るべくして成った or 勝つべくして勝った.
|Paul||I came across this in a JLPT 1 problem collection. Note the unusual use of the ~ます form - 励ますべく appears to be a special case of some kind.|
|blabby||励ます(はげます) is the dictionary form of 励まします(はげまします)|
It is not a special case but sometimes easy to be confused with a ます形 verb.
This sounds very formal, so it fits # only.
I would say "エンジニアになれるように・・・。"
I would say "彼らは男を逮捕しようと追いかけた。"
|Add Entry to Your Study List|
Choose the priority of studying you want to assign to this item from the drop-down select list
and then hit the save button. This will be used for sorting your personal study list.
If you wish to delete an entry that's already in your list, just set the difficulty to '0'
JGram.org (cc) some rights reserved | Illustrations copyright © dadako.com