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<< bekida | bonyari >>

〜べく [〜べく] (beku)
    Meaning: For the purpose of; To ____, In order to
    Example: I studied hard in order to become an engineer.
    JLPT Level: 1
    Category: grammar
    Author: dc

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  Notes:  
‘Beku’ is the same as ‘~ngatame’ but they differ grammatically. ‘Beku’ comes after the dictionary form of a verb, whereas ‘~ngatame’ follows the ‘~tai’ form of a verb. Written.

see http://www.geocities.com/easykanji/jlptgrammar.html
 
(dc)
(Goal/End result) + beku + (Current Action) 
(MaDaZi)
Ref # Kanzen Master Level 1 - p21 - no.22 
(LR)
Ref # A Dictionary of Advanced Japanese Grammar p67 
(LR)

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  Examples:  
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ex #3310   エンジニアになる べく一生懸命勉強した 
I studied hard in order to become an engineer.  
 [edit]  
(dc)
ex #3914   このお支払いの問題が解決できるよう、ご指摘の件を改善すべく努力いたします。 
We will make great efforts in order to remedy the problem you indicated, so that we can solve this payment problem.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #3917   彼らは男を逮捕すべく追いかけた。 
They chased the man to arrest him.  
 [edit]  
(Miki)
ex #7881   恩師に会うべく、久しぶりに母校を訪れた 
For the first time in ages, I went back to my old school in order to see my old teacher.  
 [edit]  
(LR)
ex #7882   本学は、経済的な理由で大学教育を受けられない海外の優秀な学生にその機会を与えるべく、 奨学金を供与している。 
We provide scholarships to give educational opportunities to excellent students from overseas who cannot go on to higher education for financial reasons.  
 [edit]  
(LR)

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  See Also:  
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  Comments:  
MikiShall I delete ex# 3915 and ex#? Their べく are different from the entry. 
anonyes, they should go under 
in edit example, change the last field "category" and that will move them over...
 
infinite_trialhow does this differ from ために? 
blabbyI've read that they are more or less inerchangable but ために is used more for something you want to do - personal will (個人の意思)
However べく is used more for some assumed responsibility (当然の義務). Can anyone help us out and explain this better?
べく is also mainly used in written Japanese.
 
bamboo4べく is 連用形 of べし. It could oerate as an imperative or as firm presumption, indication of probability or expression of a plan.
Imperative = 全員参加すべく
Presumption = 後日登城の御裁可あるべく候(archaic)
Indication = 期待にこたえるべく努力する
Plan = 犯人を逮捕すべく

This expression is basically archaic, but it is still used in conversation in such set phrases as 成るべくして成った or 勝つべくして勝った.
 
PaulI came across this in a JLPT 1 problem collection. Note the unusual use of the ~ます form - 励ますべく appears to be a special case of some kind.

試合に負けて落ち込んでいる友達をはげますべく、酒を飲みに誘った。
 
blabby励ます(はげます) is the dictionary form of 励まします(はげまします)
It is not a special case but sometimes easy to be confused with a ます形 verb.
 
PaulD'oh! 
Nick"べく"
This sounds very formal, so it fits # only.

#
I would say "エンジニアになれるように・・・。"

#
I would say "彼らは男を逮捕しようと追いかけた。"
 

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