(Verb Groups I)
Meaning: Introduction to Verb Conjugation -
JLPT Level: 4
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| Notes: |
-iru/-eru: remove 'ru' and add -masu
ex: (taberu = tabe-masu; miru = mimasu0
Everything else: change last syllable to 'i' row
ex: (yomu = yomimasu; tobu = tobimasu)
-iru/-eru: change 'ru' to 'te'
ex: shinjiru = shinjite; ikiru = ikite
-ku: change 'ku' to 'i' and add 'te'
ex: naku = naite; saku = saite
-gu: change 'gu' to 'i' and add 'de'
ex: nugu = nuide; sawagu = sawaide
-tsu/-ru/-u: change 'tsu'/'ru'/'u' to 't' and add 'te'
ex: tatsu = tatte; tooru = tootte
-nu/-mu/-bu: change 'nu'/'mu'/'bu' to 'n' and add 'de'
-su: change 'su' to 'shi' and add 'te'
ex: utsusu = utsushite; shimesu = shimeshite
*There are exeption -iru/-eru that follow the -ru rule:
ex: hashiru = hashitte; kaeru = kaette
-iru/-eru: remove 'ru' and add 'nai'
ex: kanjiru = kanjinai; ateru = atenai
Everything else: change last syllable to 'a' row
ex: watasu = watasanai, chikayoru = chikayoranai
|Not ALL -/i/ru and -/e/ru verbs are known as /ru/ verbs. (these are verbs that drop the ru at the end)|
Basically, all -ru verbs end with -/i/ru and -/e/ru, but not all -/i/ru and -/e/ru verbs are -ru verbs. An example will clear it up.
Sample -ru verbs:
Sample -/u/ verbs that end in -/i/ru or -/e/ru:
These are only examples. 95% of all -/i/ru and -/e/ru verbs are -ru verbs. Take note of the exceptions and you will be fine.
|Most -eru verbs are Ichidan (-ru) verbs. The are basically 3 exceptions to this which are regularly used, so if you remember them you'll be fine.|
There are probably more exceptions to this, but as I said, these here are what you hear every day.
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| Comments: |
|dc||how do you tell a godan verb from an ichidan? I used to remember them more as -eru and everything else... or type I and type II. (and irreg of course).|| |
|Amatuka||There is no way to tell what is an ichidan just by looking at it. It is only sometimes possible to tell what is not an ichidan just by looking at it.|
That's going to be one of the bits I'll cover in the Godan Verb page. (As soon as I get round to writing it).
|Ayumi||I forgot to mention the irregular verbs:|
Suru = shimasu
Kuru = kimasu
Suru = shite
Kuru = kite
Iku = itte NOT iite
Suru = shinai
Kuru = konai
Aru = nai NOT aranai
|Linh||kau = kawanai|| |
|alexx||how do you know when to use the -te form of a verb?|| |
|ange||the -te form of the verb is for adding onto the sentence.|
it kind of works like the english sentence "i ran, ate, and slept"
the verb tenses depends on the last verb.
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