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五段動詞ー特例 [ごだんどうしーとくれい] (Group 1 Verb Exceptions)
    Meaning: A list of -eru and -iru verbs that conjugate as Group 1
    Example: The verb ’はいる’ (to enter) conjugates as a Group 1 verb - as はいった、はいって etc., rather than a Group 2 verb.
    JLPT Level: 0
    Category: lesson
    Author: srobertson

  [ Edit This Grammar Entry ]
As a general rule, conjugating Group 1 and Group 2 verbs in Japanese isn't complicated once you've determined what verb group they belong to.

Group 1 (Consonant-stem verbs or godan-doushi) end with "~u" (i.e. 〜う、く、す、つ、ぬ、む、る).

Group 2 (Vowel-stem verbs or ichidan-doushi) end with either "~ iru" or "~ eru".

You have to be careful, however, as there are many exceptions (though some are very rare) to this simple dichotomy: while Group 2 verbs all end in -iru or -eru, it's not true that all verbs ending in -iru or -eru are Group 2 verbs.

A rule of thumb (with thanks to Jim Breen): if ~eru and ~iru words have more than one syllable before the -ru, and you can find out how they are written with kanji, if the ~e/~i syllable is written in kana, it's a Group 2 verb. If the -ru ending comes after the kanji, it's a Group 1 verb.

Of course, this doesn't help for one-syllable roots such as "he-ru" (Group 1) or "mi-ru" (Group 2). Also, there are several verbs ("bibi-ru" and "nome-ru" for example) that are written without kanji.

The few exceptions I've found to this rule are あぶらぎる and まじる. Also, ふせる, which can be either group 1 or 2 depending on the nuance in meaning.

In the list below, * indicates that a comparatively rare kanji (included only in the JIS X 0212 character set) is used for that word.
Here's a list compiled with thanks to similar efforts by Jim Breen, Colin McCulley and Bart Mathias.

嘲る (あざける) to scoff, (to ridicule)
焦る (あせる) to be in a hurry; to be impatient
脂ぎる (あぶらぎる) to be glistening with grease
熱る・* (いきる) to become sultry
弄る (いじる) to fiddle with, to touch; to tamper with
いびる (いびる) to torment, to roast, to tease
煎る・炒る・熬る (いる) to parch; to fry; to fire; to broil; to roast; to boil down (in oil)
入る (いる) to get in; to go in; to come in; to flow into; to set; to set in
〜入る (〜いる)
要る (いる) to need
* (うせる) to root with the nose
うねる (うねる) to undulate
彫る (える) to carve
選る (える) to choose
* (える) to ridicule (あざわらう)
陥る・落ち入る (おちいる) to fall; to trap; to cave in; to collapse?
阿る (おもねる) to flatter
還る (かえる) to send back; to return
帰る (かえる) to go back; to go home; to come home; to return
孵る (かえる) to be hatched, to hatch out
返る (かえる) to return; to come back; to go back
反る (かえる) to change; to turn over; to turn upside down
限る (かぎる) to restrict; to limit; to confine
翔る (かける) to soar, to fly
陰る (かげる) to become cloudy, to darken; to get dark; to be clouded; to be obscured
呪る (かしる) to curse
齧る・噛る (かじる) to chew; to bite (at); to gnaw; to nibble; to munch; to crunch; to have a smattering of? (knowledge)
軋る・轢る (きしる) to squeak, creak, rasp, scrape,
切る (きる) to cut; (to chop; to hash; to carve; to saw; to clip; to shear; to slice; to strip; to fell; to cut down; to punch; to sever (connections); to pause; to break off; to disconnect; to turn off; to hang up; to cross (a street); to discount; to sell below cost; to shake (water) off; to finish; to be through; to complete)
剪る (きる) to cut
斬る (きる) to behead, to murder
霧る (きる) to become misty
抉る (くじる) to gouge, to scoop
愚痴る (ぐちる) to grumble
覆る (くつがえる) to topple over; to be overturned; to capsize
くねる (くねる) to be crooked (as a road)
縊る (くびる) to grip, to strangle
蹴る (ける) to kick
抉る (こじる) to gouge, to wrench
遮る (さえぎる) to interrupt
湿気る (しける) to be damp, to be moist
茂る (しげる) to grow thick; to luxuriate; to be luxurious
湿る (しめる) to be wet; to become wet; to be damp
喋る (しゃべる) to talk, to chat
知る (しる) to know; to understand; to be acquainted with; to feel
捩る (すじる) to wriggle
滑る (すべる) to glide; to slide (e.g. on skis); to slip
* (せせる) to pick on, to play with
せびる (せびる) to demand money; to pester; to extort
競る (せる) to compete; to bid; to sell at auction
謗る・譏る・誹る (そしる) to slander; to libel; to criticize
そべる (そべる) to lie sprawled
滾る (たぎる) to boil; to seethe
猛る (たける) (1) to rage; to be fierce; (2) to be excited (to act violently)
駄弁る (だべる) to jabber; to chatter; to chat with
魂消る (たまぎる) to be frightened
契る (ちぎる) to pledge; to promise; to swear
散る (ちる) to fall; to scatter (e.g. blossoms, leaves)
抓る (つねる・つめる) to pinch
照る (てる) to shine
どじる (どじる) to screw up, to blunder
とちる (とちる) to fumble, muff lines (in a play)
迸る (とばしる) same as ほとばしる
詰る (なじる) to rebuke
滑る (なめる) similar to すべる (same kanji in fact)
握る (にぎる) to grasp; to seize; to mould sushi
躙る (にじる) to edge forward (にじりぐち - a small door which leads into a tea ceremony hut)
滑る (ぬめる) to be slippery; to be slimy; to behave charmingly; to walk merrily
捩じる・捻じる (ねじる) (1) to screw; to twist; (2) to distort; (3) to torture; to wrest
練る・錬る・煉る・粘る (ねる) to knead; to work over; to polish up
罵る (ののしる) to speak ill of; to abuse verbally
のめる (のめる) to fall forward
入る (はいる) to enter
走る (はしる) to run
侍る (はべる) to wait upon, to serve
捻る (ひねる) to turn (a switch) on or off; to twist; to puzzle over;
びびる (びびる) to become nervous, to quail (at, before), to be daunted (by)
翻る (ひるがえる) to turn over; to wave; to flutter
耽る (ふける) to indulge in; to give oneself up to; to be obsessed by; to be engrossed in; to be lost in; to be absorbed in
臥せる (ふせる) to lie down; to retire; to go to bed, to be sick in bed
減る (へる) to decrease (in size or number); to diminish; to abate
謙る (へる) to deprecate oneself and praise the listener; to abase oneself 
穿る (ほじる) to pick, to dig out, to dig up; to peck at
火照る・熱る (ほてる) to feel hot; to flush; to burn
迸る (ほとばしる) to surge; to well up; to gush out
参る (まいる) to come, to go (humble)
交じる・混じる・雑じる (まじる) to be mixed; to be blended with; to associate with; to mingle with; to interest; to join
見縊る (みくびる) to underrate; to belittle; to look down on; to despise
漲る (みなぎる) to swell up; to rise; to be (brim) full of; to pervade
毟る (むしる) to pluck, to pick, to tear
滅入る (めいる) to feel depressed
減る (める) to decrease 
* (もぎる) to wrench (s.t.)
捩る (もじる) to parody; to wrench; to twist
野次る・弥次る (やじる) to jeer (at); to hoot; to boo; to catcall; to heckle
よぎる (よぎる) to pass through, to drop in
捩る (よじる) to twist
蘇る・甦る (よみがえる) to be resurrected; to be revived; to be resuscitated; to be rehabilitated

[ Add Note(s) ]
Note: visit WWWJDIC to lookup any unknown words found in the example(s)...
Alternatively, view this page on

ex #4723   嘲る (あざける)  
to scoff, (to ridicule)  
ex #4724   焦る (あせる)  
to be in a hurry; to be impatient  
ex #4725   脂ぎる (あぶらぎる)  
to be greasy  
ex #4726   熱る (いきる)  
to become sultry  
ex #4727   弄る (いじる)  
to fiddle with, to touch; to tamper with  
ex #4728   いびる (いびる)  
to torment, to roast, to tease  
ex #4729   煎る・炒る・熬る (いる)  
to parch; to fry; to fire; to broil; to roast; to boil down (in oil)  
ex #4730   入る (いる)  
to get in; to go in; to come in; to flow into; to set; to set in  

Help JGram by picking and editing examples!!
  See Also:  
    [ Add a See Also ]
    srobertsonThis list may not be complete. It came partially from an entry on the WWWJDIC site, and I've checked it and improved where I could. There are several words in the list that don't appear in my 和英 dictionaries, but I did find them in the 広辞苑 Japanese dictionary. Some of these words are pretty rare (in fact, some of the kanji for the word can be found only in the JIS X 0212 character set), but I thought they were interesting anyway. 
    srobertsonDC, is there any way to (easily) format this list in a HTML table, or does the db only handle simple HTML tags? 
    dchi sandy - thanks for the contribution. if you provide it as a simple html page i have a way of linking it, but it would not be editable.
    I guess you could enter them as examples using the "add example" form, but EN/JP on different lines, and then a table would be created when displayed.
    dcBTW sometimes spaces in the grammar entry names were causing problems - was this OK? 
    dccould you add a slightly better explanation note please? 
    dcsandy - i added a few as examples so you can see what they look like.. not sure if these really qualify as examples though... more of a list.
    dcstephen - sorry got your name confused. had a co-worker sandy R, too ingrained.
    1) fixed garble font issue pls check
    2) required grammar. discussing with colleague. maybe better to leave this content in the notes field.
    Also: could you add another note which is a better explanation? still dont get this fully.
    srobertsonHi dc, sorry it took me so long to add the notes to this. No problems with the characters getting garbled this time around. Should we delete the examples if we leave the list as a note? 

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