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JLPT level 2 entries

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The checked column refers to whether or not an entry has been verified for accuracy. -1 and -2 entries still need to be reviewed, so feel free to do so...

Grammar/Categories including

typeENJPmeaninggroup# ex.checked
GRamari 余りnot much, too much2210
GRAmari 2 あまり〜(動詞)〜ないNot really200
GRamarino ~ ni あまりの〜にDue to a condition/state being in excess, a result occurs.230
GRarieru ありうる, ありえる (有り得る)To be possible, to be conceivable24-1
GRariuru 有り得るto be possible, to be likely2120
GRat-the-time-group そのときat the time21-1
GRbakarika ばかりかnot just, but also2130
GRbasis-of-action-group ように・とおりに・を中心に・に沿って・をもとにしてas, along with, like200
GRba~hodo 条件形〜ほどthe more +V(+A), the more ...2220
GRbekarazu 〜べからずmust not210-1
GRbekida べきだV, ought to, must2180
GRbonyari ぼんやりabsent-minded(ly); blank(ly)230
GRdake だけ1) just, only, simply, merely; 2) as much as X wants/like/can (whatever, anything)241-1
GRdakeatte だけあってbecause, as expected (used for positive things)2100
GRdakeni だけにas expected, after all, since, for290
GRdakeno 〜だけのAs much as; As fast as; To the extent of.2130
GRdakenokotohaaru だけのことはあるis surely because 〜; not surprising that 〜; It was worth 〜260
GRdarake だらけcovered with; littered with; infested with,full of220-1
GRDarake, mimare, sugume だらけ、まみれ、ずくめCovered by something210
GRdearou to であろうとNo matter what; Even if; No matter how240
GRdepend-correspond-group によって・次第で・いかんでdepending on, according to200
GRdetamaranai/tetamaranai 〜でたまらない・〜てたまらないso...that one can`t stand it; unbearably;extremely260
GRdokorodehanai, dokorodehanaku どころではない、どころではなくnot at all; far from; anything but; out of the question223-1
GRdokoroka どころかfar from A, in fact B; not just; even2350
GReru 得るto get, to win, to be possible2170
GRfeasibility Expressions of non-feasibilityFormal expressions of non-feasibility (〜ざるを得ない、やむを得ない、〜かねる)200
GRfuu Style26-1
GRfuuni という風にin that way280
GRgari がりVm, tend to, sensitive to230
GRgatai がたいVm, ~ difficult to2110
GRge Ab, seems (〜そう)290
GRGerrund form of Verb + naka de 進行形の動詞+中でOut of (Clause A) there is B, C, D etc etc200
GRGerrund form of Verb + nakade 進行形の動詞+中でOut of (Clause A) there is B, C, D etc etc200
GRgimi 気味Vm、N slight tendency toward, seems like, feels so..211-1
GRhamochiron はもちろんnot to mention; not only, but also;2190
GRhamotoyori はもとよりto begin with ... and also ...260
GRhanmen 〜反面on the other hand250
GRhasateoki 〜はさておきleaving aside, aside from281
GRhatomokaku はともかくleaving A aside, A is good, but B is another thing260
GRhitoiki 一息a short period of time270
GRhitoridemoooku 一人でも多くMore than one person200
GRhodo 〜程the more... the more... as along with, to the extent2170
GRhododa; hodono ほどだ; ほどのalmost/nearly; to the point of; like that; such as that28-1
GRhokanai ほかないnothing else to do but...290
GRichido-tara 一度〜たらonce220
GRijou 以上Vru, since; now that; once; as long as280
GRippou 一方on the other hand, on the other side, one-way2160
GRippouda 一方だincreasing tendency260
GRippoudeha 一方ではon the one hand . . . [can also mean "on the other hand"]260
GRitadakimasu 頂きますto receive26-1
GRitashimasu 致しますdo (humble)250
GRjamasuru 邪魔するto interrupt.260
GRjou point of view211-1
GRjoude 上でIn, On230
GRkadoukanouchini かどうかのうちにjust at the time when220
GRkaette かえってon the contrary2130
GRkagiri 限りas far as, as long as, until, unless2450
GRkagirida 限りだextremely210
GRkakaru 2 掛かる 2AT〜; ON〜210
GRkakeda かけだin the middle of something210
GRkakeda; kakeno; kakeru かけだ・かけの・かけるin the middle of; not yet finished V-ing270
GRkakeru 2 掛ける 2AT〜; TO〜200
GRkanaikanouchini か〜ないかのうちにNo sooner than; just as, at that instant280
GRkanarazushimo 必ずしも・・・でないnot necessarily2121
GRkanawanai かなわない(I/he/she/....) can not stand..... 240
GRkanenai かねないVm, capable of (a bad thing)223-1
GRkaneru 兼ねるhesitate to, cannot, hard to do215-1
GRkankei 関係relationship, relation (between/to)250
GRkanoyouda かのようだlike, as if (metaphor)213-1
GRkaraiuto からいうとfrom the standpoint of26-1
GRkarakoso-2 〜からこそespecially because (non-intuitive nuance)240
GRkaramiruto から見るとseen from the point of view290
GRkaraniha からにはso long as, since27-2
GRkarashite からして(1)Even; (2)Given, (Judging) From/By280
GRkarasuruto からするとfrom, you can judge, based on214-1
GRkaratoitte からといってjust because2201
GRkatoomouto かと思うとas soon as I noticed, almost immediately24-1
GRkatoomouto-2 かと思うとWhen I think it may240
GRkawarini かわりにin place of; instead of2150
GRkawarini-2 代わりにto make up for, in exchange for250
GRkawaru-group かわるinstead of / in place of200
GRkekka 結果as a result of2100
GRkigasuru 気がするto feel, realize226-1
GRkikkake きっかけtrigger224-1
GRkikkakeni きっかけにSince; Take the opportunity afforded by 〜 to 〜2100
GRkiri1 きりjust, only290
GRkiri2 きり just, for good, once and for all (keeps on same state)2120
GRkiru 切るverb-totally221-2
GRkiwamaru 〜極まるExtremely; The height of…; Knows no bounds. Always has a negative meaning.270
GRkke 〜っけ~?, like か2140
GRkkonai っこないVpm, impossible to280
GRkomu 込む...into220
GRkonasu 〜こなす, こなすhave the knack to deal with something; completely2150
GRkoso 〜こそthis, especially (emphasis),very2120
GRkoto ga aru ことがあるThere are times when290
GRkoto ha nai ことはないno need to250
GRkotoda ことだshould2110
GRkotodakara ことだからas always270
GRkotoka 〜ことかa lot2100
GRkotokara 〜ことからbecause2130
GRkotonaku 事無くwithout216-1
GRkotoni 〜ことに 「は」Very; Quite; The 〜 thing is that....27-1
GRkotoni-group ことに〜I decided, it was decided, it is a rule200
GRkotoninaru ことになるTo be decided, to be arranged270
GRkotoninatteiru ことになっているbecame a rule; been decided that; expected to; supposed to223-1
GRkudasai 下さいplease2210
GRkurai くらいabout, as2260
GRkurai.....wanai くらい〜はないA is the most B thing. There is not a more B thing than A is.24-1
GRkurainara-hougaii くらいなら〜〜ほうがいいShow a strong feeling of opposition.2110
GRkuseni くせにalthough, despite2190
GRlooks/seems/heard-group よう・そう・らしい・聞いたlooks like or seems like200
GRmai-1 〜まいwon't (do something)250
GRmai-2 〜まいprobably won't223-1
GRmai-4 〜まいDon't do ~230
GRmaika まいかwill not [expresses a little uncertainty]260
GRmaika-2 まいかwon't you?210
GRmarude 丸でas if, practically241-1
GRmarude-2 まるでcompletely, entirely29-1
GRmiseru-2 みせるto show2210
GRmitamewatomokaku 見た目はともかくWhether (it/he/she~) is~~~or not, 230
GRmo-ba-mo も〜ば〜もnot only, but also260
GRmoba も〜ばBoth(,,,,)and(,,,,,)220
GRmokamawazu 〜もかまわずdont mind, dont care about230
GRmono 〜ものbecause, should, like to240
GRmonoda ものだa thing that, the thing25-2
GRmonoda-2 ものだ(thing) you know? isn't it?217-1
GRmonodakara 〜ものだからso, therefore (explaining something unavoidable)250
GRmonode ものでbecause of (that thing)230
GRmonodesukara ものですからbecause2110
GRmonogaaru 〜ものがあるthere is such a thing (essence), feels like215-1
GRmonoka ものかabsolutely not...290
GRmononara 〜ものならif .. is possible, then...2180
GRmonono 〜もののalthough29-1
GRmukeni 向けにfor, aimed at210
GRmuki 向きfor, facing, toward, aimed at212-1
GRmushiro むしろrather260
GRna-3 〜なVm na (positive command - sentence ending particle)220
GRnado; nanka; nante など; なんか; なんてand so on; and the like; for example; things like 〜216-1
GRnagara ながらVm, despite while, although2220
GRnaibakarika ないばかりかNot only not X, but also not Y. Both can be good things, or both bad.230
GRnaidehairarenai ないではいられないcannot help but, cannot stop doing211-1
GRnaikotohanai ないことは(も)ないit isn't the case that 〜 not 〜; it is not that 〜 not 〜26-1
GRnaikotoniha ないことにはif (it's) not; unless214-1
GRnakucha なくちゃMust;Have to230
GRnanode なのでsince280
GRndesu 〜んですexplain causes, reasons, grounds240
GRni wataru, ni watatte にわたる,にわたってfor,over,extending,stretching,ranging,covering240
GRniatatte; niatari に当たって; に当たりon the occasion of; at; in; before; prior to2161
GRnichigainai に違いないno mistake...definitely228-1
GRnihitoshii に等しいequivalent to2140
GRnihokanaranai にほかならないnothing but; merely; none other than29-1
GRniizon, niison に依存depending on, relying on2100
GRnikagirazu に限らずnot just, limited to270
GRnikagiri に限りonly if220
GRnikakawarazu かかわらずRegardless of2240
GRnikaketeha, nikaketemo にかけては, にかけてもregarding, about, concerning220
GRnikaketewa にかけてはregarding, about, concerning230
GRnikanshite に関してconcerning; with regard to; about; on2150
GRnikawatte 名詞が名詞に代わってuse Nounが instead of Nounに210-1
GRnikimatteiru にきまっている(It's been) decided; expected; definitely260
GRnikotaete に応えてin response to241
GRnikuwaete に加えてin addition to2101
GRnimokakawarazu にもかかわらずdespite; though; although; in spite of2260
GRnimotozuite に基づいてbased (up)on2100
GRnioite に於いてat/on/in this case223-1
GRniokeru における・おいてat, in, as for270
GRnioujite に応じて、に応じたcommensurate with, accordance with, depending on27-1
GRnisaishite に際してwhen; on the occasion of; at (the time of); in; upon (doing something)250
GRNisakidatte に先立ってbefore; preceeding; prior to210
GRnisakidatte; nisakidatsu に先立って; に先立つbefore; preceeding; prior to2110
GRnishiro,niseyo,nishitemo にしろ; にせ(も)よ; にしてもEven though; Even if; 215-2
GRnishiro,niseyo,nishitemo-2 にしろ; にせ(も)よ; にしてもIt doesn’t matter which; It doesn’t matter whether.25-1
GRnishitagatte; nishitagai に従って; に従いfollowing; in accordance with; as 〜, accordingly; in proportion to2120
GRnishitara 〜にしたらif (one had) 〜's perspective250
GRnishiteha 〜にしてはeven though (it is) ; for223-1
GRnishitemo 〜にしてもeven for210-2
GRnisotte 〜に沿ってgo along with; in line with2170
GRnisouinai に相違ないNobody argues; definitely; without a doubt290
GRnisuginai に過ぎないnothing more than2160
GRnisuru にするto make.23-1
GRnitaishite に対してtoward; to; in contrast to; whereas; in regard to; in; per2100
GRnitaru 〜に足るis plenty; has value260
GRnitomonatte に伴ってas; in proportion to; with2100
GRnitotteno にとってのto; for210-1
GRnitsuiteha についてはAs for ~ concerning ~212-1
GRnitsuke 〜につけeach time, whenever, either way270
GRnitsuki につきa, per, each212-1
GRnitsuki-2 〜につきdue to290
GRnitsurete につれてas; in proportion to; with219-1
GRniwatatte にわたってover; span(ning)213-1
GRniyoreba によればAccording to220
GRniyotte-2 によってdepending on24-1
GRnoamari の余りbecause of too much2181
GRnokotodakara のことだからas usual for220
GRnomi のみonly2130
GRnominarazu のみならずnot only, but also...270
GRnomotode のもとでbased on, under24-1
GRnoni のにdespite250
GRnuki 抜きwithout212-1
GRnuku ぬくcompletely; until the end280
GRokagede おかげでthanks to280
GRokeikini を契機にon the opportunity of240
GRoku おくto do it in advance OR to leave it in the current state expecting a later change2130
GRosoregaaru 恐れがあるworry about, there is a possibility, there is fear that216-1
GRppoi っぽい-like2140
GRrashite 〜からしてstarting from210
GRsae さえeven; only; just2271
GRsae-ba 〜さえ〜ばIf ~ just If ~ only28-1
GRsai 〜際when220-1
GRsaichuuni 最中にright in the middle of260
GRseide せいでbecause of, due to (indicates only negative meaning)214-1
GRseinisuru せいにするPut blame on240
GRshidai 次第as soon as; depending on2140
GRshidaide 〜次第でdepending on270
GRshika しかbut, only、just2150
GRshikanai 〜しかないno alternative, no option but to...217-1
GRsimultaneous-actions-group ついでに・を契機に・をきっかけにwhile doing A, do B26-1
GRsince/because-group から・のでbecause2100
GRsorede それでand then, after that; Due to that2220
GRsorega 其れがDespite that210
GRsoudan 相談Making requests (〜ください、〜ちょうだい、〜なさい、command form)215-2
GRsueni 〜末にin the end, result212-1
GRtabi, tabi ni たび、たびにeach time, every time whenever210
GRtabi, tabini たび、たびにeach time, every time, whenever270
GRtamaranai たまらない(1) intolerable, unbearable, unendurable, (2) cannot help (doing), cannot but do, anxious to do, (3) tremendous, out of this world, irresistible.270
GRtamonoda たものだused to240
GRtatoe-temo たとえeven if2120
GRtatokoro た形ところjust as I'd, right at the moment when I'd214-1
GRtatokorode た形ところでeven if you do... it will not result to..28-1
GRtatotan たとたんSee [とたん(に)]250
GRtatsumoride た形 積もりでinstead of (hypothetical action)26-1
GRteha 〜てはVte, (te-form verb + contrastative ha wa)230
GRteirai て以来since; ever since; from here on280
GRtekaradenaito; tekaradenakereba て形からでないと; て形からでなければNot Until 〜;If I don't 〜, I can't 〜; I can't 〜 unless I 〜.29-1
GRtekoso 〜てこそnot until, only after, of all things220
GRtenaranai てならないCannot help -ing; Unbearably; Irresistibly210-2
GRteshouganai; tetamaranai てしょうがない; てたまらないCan't help but 〜; Extremely 〜; Very 〜2100
GRtetamaranai てたまらないbe dying to do something, to feel X strongly, can't help it...222-1
GRteyagaru てやがるEmphasize a disliking of the action taken.230
GRtobakarini とばかりにas if; as if ~ were convinced that; as if ~ believed that; as if ~ decided that250
GRtodoujini と同時にand at the same time212-1
GRtohakagiranai とは限らないnot always, not necessarily219-1
GRtoieba と言えばspeaking of ~2130
GRtoittara といったらExpress admiration/horror; eg, how +adjective, so+adjective290
GRtoittemo といってもbut215-1
GRtoiukotoda ということだit must mean, it boils down to29-1
GRtoiumono というものthat thing called217-1
GRtoiumonodehanai; toiumonodemonai というものではない; というものでもないDoesn't mean that; It's not (true) that; Not necessarily250
GRtoiuto と言うとwhen you talk of, speaking of, when you say240
GRtoiuyori というよりrather, more than280
GRtoka とかIt seems that; I heard that24-1
GRtokoroni, tokorohe, tokorowo ところに、ところへ、ところを(Just) when210-1
GRtomokagiranai とも限らないthere's a chance that, it could be that230
GRtomokaku 兎も角anyhow; anyway; somehow or other; generally speaking; in any case28-1
GRtoori 通りin that way2110
GRtoshitara, tosureba, tosuruto としたら、とすれば、とするとif one did; if one were to260
GRtoshite としてas; in the capacity of2350
GRtoshiteha としてはfor250
GRtoshitemo 〜としてもeven if; assuming28-1
GRtotan(ni) 途端(に)as soon as, the instant250
GRtoutei 到底(can't) possibly / very much280
GRtowazu 問わずregardless of230
GRtsui ついwithout thinking, despite myself280
GRtsuideni ついでにwhile doing A, I had a chance to do B, since doing A anyway, do B2110
GRtsurete, nitsure つれて、につれmore....more230
GRtsutsu つつVm, -ing2180
GRtsutsuaru つつあるVm, middle of doing...、continues to226-1
GRtsuujite 通じてthrough, by215-1
GRtte って...said; no matter what27-1
GRuchini うちにwhile; during; as210-1
GRuchini-2 うちにbefore ... (something bad happens); while ... still (being OK), while (state still continue) and before the state is finished27-1
GRuchini-3 うちにAn unforseen change that occured during a described time frame.24-1
GRuede 上でupon, after213-1
GRueha 上はsince when23-1
GRueni 上にmoreover; what's more; additionally; not only214-1
GRunrelated-group を問わず・にかかわらず・もかまわずignoring, leaving aside200
GRuru 得るable to do270
GRviewpoint-group にとって・として・の上で・からいうと・から見るとfrom the point of view, based on210
GRwakeda 〜わけだof course, expected result250
GRwakedehanai わけではないIt does not (necessarily) mean that 〜; I don't mean that 〜; It is not (true) that 〜; It is not the case that 〜2180
GRwakeganai, wakehanai わけがない、わけはないThere is no reason (as to) why 〜; It is impossible (for) 〜; cannot280
GRwakeniha ikanai わけには いかないcannot; have no other choice but211-1
GRwarini わりにconsidering ..., for ...2140
GRwhen it comes?? かけるとwhen it comes? (200
GRwo megutte 〜をめぐってsurrounding, concerning, about [/ focusing on / in connection with]270
GRwo/wa nuki ni shite 〜をぬきにして・はぬきにしてwithout, leaving out24-1
GRwochuushinni を中心にcenter on, in the middle of291
GRwohajime をはじめnot only, but also starting with27-2
GRwokomete を込めて[Verb Phrase] with all your [Noun Phrase]2100
GRwomegutte をめぐってregarding2120
GRwomotoni をもとにon basis of28-1
GRwomotonishite をもとにしてbased on240
GRwotowazu を問わずregardless (of)280
GRyappari, yahari やっぱり(やはり)As I thought; after all2210
GRyara-yara 〜やら〜やらparticle denoting uncertainty or a listing used for both words and clauses26-1
GRyomoya よもやsurely not230
GRyorimosarani よりもさらにmore than that; more than210
GRyoudehanaika 意向形ではないかwhy don't we28-1
GRyoudehanaika-2 ようではないかdoesn't it seem ~ ?240
GRyouganai 〜ようがないno way to2110
GRyoumonai ようもないthere's no way217-1
GRyounakigasuru ような気がするIt's like it could be...270
GRyouni-2 ようにbecame250
GRyouni-suru ようにするV, try to214-1
GRyouni-te ように〜てV, asking someone to ask someone else to do something (indirect order)210-1
GRzaruwoenai ざるをえないcan't avoid doing x2160
GRzu, zuni 〜ずWithout (doing)210-1
GRzunihairarenai 〜ずにはいられないcannot help217-1


jgram 2018